The maximum levels for the sum of 3-MCPD fatty acid esters and free 3-MCPD, expressed as 3-MCPD, will be lowered as of 1 January 2025.

2- and 3-monochloropropanediol (2-MCPD, 3-MCPD) are undesirable substances. They can be formed unintentionally when refined vegetable fats and oils are exposed to high temperatures in the presence of salt during the production process. This can be the case during baking, roasting or smoking, for example.


During the digestion process, the fatty acid esters mentioned break down and release 2- or 3-MCPD. 3-MCPD is suspected of causing changes in kidney tissue, including tumour formation. The toxicological assessment of 2-MCPD has not yet been conclusively clarified. Dietary intake of these contaminants should therefore be minimised, especially for infants and young children.


The EU Commission has therefore set maximum levels for certain foods to ensure that the tolerable daily intake (TDI) is not exceeded Commission Regulation (EU) 2023/915 of 25 April 2023 on maximum levels for certain contaminants in foodstuffs and repealing Regulation (EC) No 1881/2006.


Regulation EU 2024/1003 of 4.4.24 has now been adopted and will enter into force on 1 January 2025. Transitional regulations apply to products already on the market.


5.3.3 Infant formulae, follow-on formulae and foods for special medical purposes intended for infants and young children, and foods for young children

until 31.12.24


1.1.2025 placed on the market as powder

125 µg/kg

80 µg/kg placed on the market as a liquid

15 µg/kg

12 µg/kg

The maximum level applies to the product as it is placed on the market.


YOUR PLUS: The AGROLAB laboratories determine 3-MCPD (total) and glycidyl esters in vegetable fats and oils as well as in all foods and, of course, also in special foods for infants and young children. Of course, we always evaluate the results on the basis of the applicable limit values.


Author: Dr Frank Mörsberger